SOP Benefits, Functionality and Details
Gain an understanding of the functioning of security operations centers and the reasons why many companies depend on SOCs as a significant resource for the identification of security incidents.
A Clarification on the Meaning of the Term "Security Operations Center"
A security operations center, also known as a SOC, is a facility that is responsible for continuously monitoring and assessing an organization's security posture. This team is housed in the facility known as a security operations center. The Security Operations Center (SOC) team's mission is to identify, investigate, and react to any cybersecurity events that may arise by using a variety of technological solutions in conjunction with a rigorous methodology.
Security analysts and engineers, in addition to managers who are in charge of overseeing security activities, are the usual personnel found working at security operations centers. The personnel of the SOC collaborate closely with the incident response teams of the company to ensure that any security vulnerabilities are resolved as soon as they are discovered.
Monitoring and analysis of activity on networks, servers, endpoints, databases, applications, websites, and other systems are performed by security operations centers. The goal of this monitoring and analysis is to look for unusual activity that may be an indicator of a security incident or compromise. The Security Operations Center is in charge of making sure that any possible security breaches are appropriately recognized, evaluated, defended, investigated, and reported.
The Functionality of a Security Operation Center
The SOC team is responsible for the ongoing and operational component of enterprise information security rather than being focused on developing security strategy, designing security architecture, or implementing protective measures. This is because the SOC team's primary responsibility is to ensure that the enterprise's information remains secure.
The majority of a security operations center's workforce comprises of security analysts who collaborate with one another to identify, investigate, react to, report on, and prevent events related to cybersecurity. Additional capabilities that certain SOCs may have to investigate events include sophisticated forensic analysis, cryptanalysis, and malware reverse engineering.
The first thing that has to be done in order to set up a SOC for a company is to precisely outline a strategy that takes into account the industry-specific objectives of the different departments and also receives feedback and support from the executives.
After the plan has been created, the implementation of the necessary infrastructure to support that strategy is the next step. Pierluigi Paganini, Chief Information Security Officer at Bit4Id, claims that a typical security operations center (SOC) infrastructure consists of firewalls, intrusion prevention systems and intrusion detection systems, breach detection solutions, probes, and a security information and event management (SIEM) system.
There should be technology in place to gather data through data flows, telemetry, packet capture, syslog, and other techniques in order for SOC employees to be able to correlate and analyze data activities. In order to secure sensitive data and remain in compliance with business or government laws, the security operations center also monitors networks and endpoints for vulnerabilities.
Advantages Associated with Employing a Security Operations Center SOC
One of the most important advantages of establishing a security operations center is the enhancement of security incident detection that can be achieved via the ongoing monitoring and analysis of data activity.
SOC teams play a crucial role in ensuring the early discovery and response of security issues since they monitor all of the activity that occurs throughout an organization's networks, endpoints, servers, and databases around the clock.
The continuous monitoring that is offered by a SOC offers businesses an edge when defending themselves against events and intrusions, regardless of the time of day, the source of the assault, or the kind of attack being carried out. It is well documented in Verizon's annual Data Breach Investigations Report that there is a gap between the time it takes for attackers to compromise a system and the time it takes for enterprises to detect a breach. Having a security operations center helps organizations close that gap and stay on top of the threats that are confronting their environments.
Functions Performed Inside of a Security Operations Center
The "framework" of your security operations is comprised of both the security technologies (for example, software) that you make use of and the people that are part of the SOC team.
Included in a SOC squad are the following members:
Manager: The person in charge of the team has the ability to step into any function while also being responsible for managing the overall security systems and procedures.
Analyst: e Analysts are responsible for collecting and analyzing the data, either from a period of time (such as the preceding quarter, for example) or after a breach has occurred.
Investigator: Once a breach has occurred, the investigator is tasked with determining what took place and what caused it, while collaborating closely with the responder (in many cases, the same individual serves as both the "investigator" and the "responder").
Responder: When there has been a breach in security, you will be responsible for a variety of different responsibilities. During a time of crisis, the presence of a person who is acquainted with these criteria is quite necessary.
Auditor: Existing law, as well as any future legislation, will have compliance demands. This person is responsible for staying up to date on these criteria and ensuring that your business satisfies them.
Note that the number of positions that may be performed by a single individual is reliant on the size of the company. It's possible that just one or two persons will make the cut for the whole "team" in certain situations.
Guidelines for the Successful Management of a Security Operations Center
For the purpose of "assessing and mitigating risks directly rather of relying on a script," many security executives are turning their attention away from the technological aspect and toward the human factor. Operatives in the SOC constantly handle both known and present threats while also striving to discover developing hazards.
They not only fulfill the requirements of the firm but also those of the customers, and they do so without exceeding the acceptable degree of risk. Human analysis is necessary in order to put large occurrences to rest, even though technological mechanisms such as firewalls and IPS may be able to avoid certain fundamental assaults.
The Security Operations Center (SOC) has to stay current with the most recent threat intelligence and make use of this data in order to enhance the effectiveness of the internal detection and protection systems. According to the InfoSec Institute, the SOC is responsible for consuming data from inside the business and correlating it with data from a variety of external sources in order to have a better understanding of the vulnerabilities and threats that are there.
This external cyber information helps the SOC keep up with emerging cyber threats by providing it with news feeds, signature updates, incident reports, threat briefings, and vulnerability warnings.
The personnel of the SOC have to continuously provide threat information into the monitoring systems of the SOC in order to stay current on threats, and the SOC needs to have procedures in place to differentiate between genuine threats and other types of potential problems.
SOCs that are really successful use security automation so that they may become more effective and efficient. Organizations are able to improve their security procedures and better protect themselves against data breaches and cyber assaults when they combine highly qualified security analysts with security automation.
This increases the analytical capability of the firm. Many companies who don't have the resources available in-house to do this task resort to managed security service providers that provide SOC services instead.